In Stage IIIC, cancer has spread above or below the collarbone or has been found in 10 or more lymph nodes. This stage is considered advanced but there are a number of treatment options. Stage 4 Breast Cancer: This refers to the most advanced stage of breast cancer. The cancer cells have spread to other organs, usually the bones, liver, lungs, and brain.
Stage IV cancer is considered incurable. Stage IV breast cancer does not mean that a person has to give up on life or relationships as there are treatment options that will lengthen life.
A strong support group of family and friends will help as there are tough decisions that need to be made. The strenuous cycle of treatments can be exhausting. Many women with Stage IV breast cancer have discovered a renewed strength of character, as well as qualities of resilience that they never knew they had.
It is important to know and understand the stages of breast cancer and the breast cancer treatment options available. Cancer, these days, does not necessarily mean death and debilitation. There are so many treatment options available, so many new scientific discoveries and options, that people are able to combat certain types of breast cancer and triumph.
If you are to write any type of essay on health issues or nursing, here is a collection of sample topics. Read them and get inspired: Did you like the samples? If you need to write any type of essay and have no time to do this on your own, feel free to contact our writing service team or place an order on our Order Page. These are loaded with selenium that is said to reduce the risk of developing bladder, lung and colorectal cancer.
It is a good idea to have a handful of these in between your meals instead of hogging on unhealthy snacks. As per a research, those who have 5 or more cups of caffeinated coffee each day have a lower chance of developing brain, oral and throat cancer compared to those who drink less. The importance of exercising has been stressed upon time and again. Besides offering numerous other health benefits, indulging in moderate exercise regularly helps in lowering the risk of developing various types of cancers.
Apart from inculcating these healthy habits, it is important to steer clear of tobacco consumption and lower your alcohol intake. It is essential to make it a habit to follow a healthy diet and exercise regularly to stay fit and prevent this vicious condition.
Cancer occurs due to abnormal cell growth that typically occurs in any one part of the body and spreads to others if not treated on time. There are numerous types of cancers. Some of the common types of cancers include lung cancer, prostate cancer, breast cancer, skin cancer, kidney cancer and blood cancer. Millions of people incur this deadly disease each year. While some fight it back bravely others succumb to it after some time. There are four stages of cancer.
If detected at an early stage, it can be cured with the help of surgery and medication however when detected at a later stage it usually proves fatal for the patient. Here is a detailed look at the four stages of cancer:. At times stage 2 of cancer means that the cancer cells have gone further and spread in the lymph nodes near the tumour.
The tumour is much larger in this stage and it may have begun spreading in the surrounding tissues. Cancer cells also spread in the lymph nodes in the area in this stage.
It is also referred to as secondary or metastatic cancer. It is essential to diagnose the cancer stage as it helps in understanding the treatment required for the patient. For instance, if a patient is still in the first stage of cancer then a surgery or radiotherapy may help cure the same.
It is a local treatment that only treats one part of the body. If the cancer cells have broken from the original place and entered the lymph nodes which means the patient has entered the third stage of cancer then adjuvant treatment is suggested.
This usually involves chemotherapy post surgery. This is done to kill the cancer cells broken away from the primary tumour. In case the cancer has spread to other parts of the body then local and adjuvant treatments are not enough. It requires a treatment that covers the entire body. Such a treatment is known as systemic treatment.
It involves chemotherapy hormone therapy and biological therapies that circulate in the bloodstream. Staging is thus used as a means to describe the size of the cancer and the severity of the problem. Normal cells of the body have a control over the division.
The controlling factor is present in the DNA. The DNA directs the cells to divide and stops the division when not required. In cancerous cells the controlling factor is not present, probably due to mutant genes.
Due to absence of controlling factor, the mitosis continues uncontrolled and forms cancer. It is believed that these cells carry certain cancer causing genes, called oncogens. These oncogenes remain inactive. Certain conditions initiate these genes to multiply and destroy the normal controlling factor of the cells.
The role of virus is strongly suspected now. Some retrovirus, which causes tumor may be involved in this process. It is known that these viruses have RNA as genetic material. This DNA acts as viral oncogene. The viral oncogenes may interact with the oncogenes of the cell, called proto-oncogenes and take control of the cell function.
Cancer is curable, if it is detected at the early stages. The patient enjoys full life without recurrence of the disease. Strong chemicals are used to kill the cancerous cells and isolate these cells from other organs.
Sometimes all these three methods are applied to cure cancer. This dreaded disease can be cured fully, if it is detected at the preliminary stage.
So social consciousness should be developed for early detection. Onkos meaning cancer were initially identified as genes carried by viruses that cause transformation of their target cells.
The cancer which occurs in muscles, cartilages, bones, blood vessels, connective tissues are known as sarcoma. 2. Carcinoma: This type of cancer originates from skin or cells which lines the internal organs.
Short Essay on Cancer. Advertisements: Cancer is defined as the unwanted growth of cells in any part of the body. There are various reasons that lead to development of cancerous growths in the body. There can be various reasons that lead to cancerous growths in the body.
Cancer essays There are so many diseases found in the world. Some of them can be cured and some others had been killing people for years. For example, cancer is the name for a group of diseases in which the body's cells are changed in appearance and function. This disease is the second leadi. - In this seminar (essay) we will be discussing cancer, specifically lung cancer, what it is, how cells become cancerous, and what carcinogens are. I will begin by telling you what a cell is. A cell is most frequently referred to as the basic building block of life.
ESSAY: CERVICAL CANCER Cervical cancer is a disease in which the cells of the cervix become abnormal and start to grow uncontrollably, forming tumors. The cervix is the lower part or neck of the uterus. It connects the body of the uterus to the vagina. Most . Essay/Term paper: Cancer Essay, term paper, research paper: Biology. See all college papers and term papers on Biology. Free essays available online are good but they will not follow the guidelines of your particular writing assignment.