Sayers' Lord Peter Wimsey, featured upper-class Europeans as the detectives and are set among manor houses and English country villages. In contrast, hard-boiled fiction tends to have a tough, cynical detective in many stories, the detective is actually a private investigator , who lives in a dirty city. Other features of hard-boiled fiction are that they are told mainly in narrative form, use slang, contain violence murder, corruption , and have sexual undertones.
The Postman Always Rings Twice. An Anthology from the Silents Until Now edited by Phillip Lopate Schrader's important essay looks at film noir as a style within a historical moment rather than a genre. He does a great job in describing the elements of film noir in order to make identifying such movies easier. The Philosophy of Film Noir by Robert Porfirio eBook Rather than focusing on the visual elements of film noir like many critics and historians, Porfirio and the many contributors look at the philosophy behind the films.
They focus on disenchantment, morality, existentialism, and nihilism. It's a rather heavy read, but it is also very informative. From early masterpieces like Double Indemnity and Kiss Me Deadly through to neo-noir classics such as Chinatown and LA Confidential, this book highlights all the groundbreaking noir movies. Somewhere in the Night: Film Noir and the American City by Nicholas Christopher Christopher's survey of film noir focuses on the American city as the central motif.
The book examines film noir's locations, character types, and visual style within the context of the American city to give an overall picture of what constitutes film noir and why it has become popular again. Street with No Name: A History of the Classic American Film Noir by Andrew Dickos Dickos study of film noir places the films within their historical context looking at important directors and their contributions to film noir and also their influence on postwar French films.
In addition, he looks at various social, political, and cultural aspects presented in the films and how they helped define the overall mood of the films. Irwin Irwin provides a good study on the hard-boiled fiction tradition in film noir. The Dark Side of Enlightenment. Central Rappahannock Regional Library. Hillis examines how the light in film noir is not only a visual aspect of the films, but is also used as a thematic aspect to portray the post-war despair in the United States.
The History of an Idea. Winter , Naremore's article provides an overview of how the films defined as film noir came to be defined as such and how the term came to be. This database is available in-house. Wager's study focuses on the inclusion or lack thereof of African-Americans within film noir and the history of film noir. Best Film Noir Titles www. Film Noir —Films www. Skip to main content. You are here Home. What Is Film Noir? Film Noir Characteristics While those four items should provide an overview of what constitutes film noir , it is a little difficult to judge whether a film belongs to the category of film noir based solely on those categories.
Urban environment Rain-soaked streets Seedy taverns, diners, and run-down buildings Claustrophobic interiors Flickering street lamps Neon signs Scenes appear dark, as if lit for night, with many dark shadows Oblique and vertical lines, especially in regards to lighting Shadows Films done in black and white Narration, especially flash-back narration Criminal underworld Hopelessness Corruption The "heroes" tend to be morally ambiguous, alienated from society, and have a fatalistic outlook.
However, despite her successes, society still maintained that in order for a woman to be complete, she had to have a man in her life, thus propagating the social stigma that a woman could not be independently successful. Allen writes, "in many of the woman's films what the heroine strives so hard to achieve is given up at the end of the film in favor of the 'happy ending'; a chance to be a traditional wife and mother.
The question that Caine struggles with is whether life has any real meaning, taking into account the ugly, cruel, but still unimaginably changeable circumstances under which many people are able to live -- "in particular, young black men caught in a web of presumption and prejudice about their alleged natures and what they might be capable of -- becomes the fundamental question" Flory for Caine and for the entire film.
Less than thirty minutes into the Menace II Society, Caine's grandfather asks him if he even cares if he lives or dies. This question is a philosophical topic, as suggested by Camus, but it is also a psychological question because what happens when a person becomes ambivalent about their life?
And what drives them to become so? There is some suggestion that focusing on race by delineating how a presumed guilt of African-Americans and other related conditions…… [Read More]. Oldboy an Analysis of Chan-Wook. Mise-en-scene As Gerald Mast states, "Details develop the film's emotional dynamics" , and these details are everywhere in the mise-en-scene. The most important aspect of the mise-en-scene, of course, is the acting. Actors are the most obvious props -- and Oh Dae-su provides ample instances of buffoonery that keeps Oldboy from sinking into the mire of its own violence.
Despite all the gore, the film harbors a gentleness and affection, thanks to the acting from Oh Dae-su and Mido. Even the villain provides a handsome face and charming smile -- and an affable voice; even he is hard not to like, as he plays cat and mouse with Oh Dae-su. The low-key lighting also helps provide the audience with the emotional connection necessary for the kind of mystery the film attempts to be. Scenes are shrouded in darkness -- such as when the heroes find themselves working in the Internet…… [Read More].
Press on Globalization and Its. Not only does this benefit them as a port destination, but the influx of trade goes through Taiwan with the majority of manufactured goods of the Pacific region flowing through their ports.
Since Taiwan has a favorable relationship with the Western states, it has been able to absorb the growth of the East Asian region and serve as an effective broker for traffic of goods. Thus it plays a central role within the region as a broker between lesser developed nations and the developed super powers.
Not only does Taiwan hold an enviable position within global trade, but it also has developed its internal capacity to become a manufacturing force. Taiwan has focused its industries on two key developments, high end technology products including semi-conductors and high end technology product development.
The Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company is the world's largest independent semiconductor foundry. As a joint venture through subsidized state…… [Read More].
Book in a Quick Look. A convergence of fraud, murder, and incest Chinatown is the film noir directed by Roman Polanski. A modernized interpretation of classic film noir, Chinatown stars Jack Nicholson as J.
Chinatown, though released in , is set in Los Angeles during the s and not only revolves around a murder, incest, and a conspiracy to control the water supply in the city, but is also one of the few films to make reference to the California Water Wars. In the film, J. Gittes is a private detective that has been hired by a woman impersonating Evelyn Mulwray who claims that she wants to hire Gittes to perform marital surveillance on her…… [Read More].
The actual word comes from the Greek 'ou -- not' and 'topos -- place,' and was coined in the modern sense by the title of a book written by Sir Thomas Moore. More's Utopia describes a fictional island possessing a seemingly perfect society in which social, legal, political and cultural systems act in harmony and are ideal for humans Manuel. The reverse, dystopia, is life that is characterized by poverty, oppression, suffering, unhappiness, and the lack of basic human rights.
The irony and use of the term arises from much of utopian literature and the juxtaposition between the utopian ideals of certain societies with the realities of the way that society…… [Read More]. Landscape as Replacement of the Mulvey Female. Landscape as Replacement of the Mulvey Female in "The Searchers" In her famous essay, "Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema," feminist film theorist Laura Mulvey posits that men in Hollywood cinema, responding to demands of the ruling ideology, "cannot bear the burden of sexual objectification.
John Ford's "The Searchers" is interesting for its alternating and sometimes simultaneous adherence to and subversion of Mulvey's observation and theory. On the one hand, his directorial camera lingers over men far more than women, allowing the audience to derive pleasure from male characters. On the other, it may be argued that the landscape itself has female characteristics, suggesting that the West as Ford depicts it, is the…… [Read More].
War is always a collective historical event that survives in official government records and propaganda as well as mass media images and academic and popular writing. Of course, not all individual experiences can be captured by the collective memory, national consciousness and official interpretations of events, and in some cases governments and established elites attempt to censor and repress collective memory. With Hiroshima and Nagasaki, collective denial, cover ups and repression of public memories occurred for decades after the war, while many veterans who returned to Japan in were deeply dissatisfied by the official version of collective memory and sought to alter the national consciousness.
In Black Rain, the family patriarch would also like to repress and deny the events of the recent past, but his niece and lover were so obviously victimized and damaged by the war that in the end he is simply unable to do so.
American Children Walk Into a. Hopefully, regardless of what happens in the rest of the communication world and media, such magazines either in print, electronic or digital form will continue to amaze children. Unfortunately, most young adult books have hit rock bottom, dealing with death, abuse, divorce, sexuality and all the other topics that these youth are bombarded with day after day.
It is recognized that youths need to deal with the problems that are facing them, and living in a fantasy world is not helpful. However, do they ever have a time to "chill" as they say it? However, the Twilight Vampire Series is really not the answer to this. It has, what is said, little "redeeming value. The best bet is finding a book that offers imagination, education and entertainment.
Cinematic Voyeurism The Fabulous Destiny. Nino, like Amelie, is a kind of professional voyeur. During the day, he sells sexual pictures of people, and during the evening he creates photographic collages of stranger's faces in the name of his art. Nino's creation of art is only through snips of life, rather than through actually experiencing life.
Like the title character, Nino gazes at others and manipulates their lives from his hidden position. Amelie cannot allow herself to openly express her affection for Nino, as this would take her into the position of a 'subject,' rather than a voyeur.
She hides in a puddle of water whenever Nino sees her, becoming a reflective mirror rather than an observable human being.
In the water, Nino can only see himself, although some might observe that the conventional relationship of the 'male gaze' and the subject female.
Voyeuristic cinema renders the woman into a kind of projection of male…… [Read More]. Evolution of Batman From the. In Miller's Batman, one sees a man waging war on a world that has sold its soul for empty slogans and nationalism: On their chests and come in fine wrapping.
Miller's graphic novel paved the way for Burton's dark film noir adaptation the ill-fated Lt. Eckhardt is an homage to Orson Welles' fat, corrupt police chief in the noir film Touch of Evil , and the 90s found Batman back on the television screen -- this time in an animated series that had Mark Hamil of Star Wars fame voicing what many fans have claimed to be the best Joker of all. Science Fiction Films On September 11, , many people reacted to the news reports as if these were advertisements for another Hollywood blockbuster like Independence Day.
All of it seemed like a movie, including a scene with the WASP president addressing the nation in a moment of maximum danger. Not since December 7, had Americans felt so threatened on their own soil, although in general they had been spared the worst horrors of the 20th Century that so many other countries had experienced.
This time, however, the movie was real and the outcome was not necessarily going to turn out like a Hollywood ending. Science fiction films like Blade Runner and The Matrix had certainly reflected various strains of fear, anxiety and paranoia in American culture and society. So had the bug-eyed monster BEM movies of the s and s, when nuclear war seemed a very likely…… [Read More]. Dual in the Sun by. The New York Times Silk, reported that Reagan's "unruffled demeanor" immediately after being seriously wounded, along with his "jokes to his wife and the medics" all helped to "turn fear into rising respect for Mr.
Reagan himself," journalist Leonard Silk reports. A "growing number of Americans decided that they had elected themselves a…… [Read More]. In my opinion, rebellions, new ideas, revolutions always have the roots into the conformity of an era, may it be a cultural, a political or an economical conformation.
There are several arguments to be presented in this sense and the argumentation will aim to emphasize the intrinsic relationship between the rules that a conforming culture is trying to establish and how eluding these rules creates the exact premises for a cultural rebellion. First of all, we need to consider the fact that, from a certain point-of-view, a conforming culture has several important characteristics.
Their identification and enumeration will help in creating the premises for a rebellious response. The first characteristic is the set of rules that the conforming culture imposes on society. These are a set of general characteristics that define culture at a certain time. Christopher Nolan Technique the British-Born. Nolan's Dark Knight deals directly with the idea of a hero's control over his world by pitting the emblem of anarchy the Joker against Batman a mythological hero, supported by technology that borders on the totalitarian.
Nolan questions the degree of power that someone like Batman should possess and whether or not he actually possesses it. Much of the film is spent analyzing this philosophical query, with Batman's tech-support man Lucius Fox even weighing in with his two cents. Regardless of the film, Nolan inserts the same preoccupations again and again. For example, in the Prestige, Nolan advances the speculations of philosopher Martin Heidegger by examining the illusion of time with a nonlinear narrative: According to the logic set forth by the Prestige, the idea of time as linear…… [Read More].
Maltese Falcon Dashiell Hammett's detective novel The Maltese Falcon has become an iconic text in American literature, not just as the source of the classic film noir starring Humphrey Bogart as Sam Spade, but in itself as a work of fiction that exemplifies the twentieth century's new "hard-boiled" style of American detective fiction that in the end would be associated particularly with Hammett but also with other detective and crime novelists whose work would provide the textual basis for the remarkable visual phenomenon of s noir Raymond Chandler, James M.
It is hard to get a sense, for a contemporary reader, of the scope of Hammett's achievement here, because so many of his effects which were aesthetically radical at the time have now become so entirely assimilated by our own sensibility that Hammett's originality is best realized in comparison to the Victorian detective fiction that he replaced.
The public was led to believe that Germany was going to win the war, and it looked forward to a much- improved socio-economic climate. Instead, the war was lost and the country was facing a very dreary future.
As a result, the government established the Weimar Republic under the leadership of Friedrich Ebert, a past leader of the Social Democratic Party SPD and a supporter of the war efforts. Some historians believe it was fate that Weimar Germany did not succeed. From the beginning the challenges were too great, the situation too grim and the individuals involved too unprepared. As a result, Weimar Germany had a short and bumpy ride that combined the best with the worst: Culturally, it remains one of Germany's most creative periods of time in art, literature and thought.
Politically and economically,…… [Read More]. Popular Culture That Is Prevalent. The youth in these countries has become more than just obsessed with the physical appearances as plastic surgery is also becoming quite common.
China probably has the greatest plastic surgery industry where they work at everything from increasing heights to improving complexions to match those that of the white Caucasian race. As in Singapore, which is "a global city" we find it being "at the forefront of consumerism of popular and "pop" culture products. Indeed over the last few years "pop" culture influences have come from East Asia-Hong Kong, Taiwan, Japan J-culture , and most recently, Korean "pop" culture. The popular culture has led the youth into becoming increasingly dependent on labels and brands in order to develop an identity of their own that's akin to that of the youth world over so that they can be accepted in the privileged world reigned by pop culture.
This has not…… [Read More]. Pierce is a strong woman, but author Cain cannot allow her to be viewed as a heroine, because of her failure as a mother. Reflecting a common cultural stereotype, women are shown to be unable to be successful both in the business world and as 'real' women. It features an African-American detective, Easy Rawlins. This book is important because it looks back at the formative classic era of Hollywood in Los Angeles through the eyes of a contemporary, American author and examines how…… [Read More].
Human Beings Make Sense of Things in. Human Beings Make Sense of Things In the earlys, Edmund Husserl sought to provide psychology with a truly scientific basis, not by copying the physical sciences but through the description of conscious experiences. This would be a truly humanistic psychology, grounded in human life and experience rather than materialistic and mechanistic theories like functionalism and behaviorism. Karl Jaspers called for a psychology that would describe phenomena such as "hallucinations, delusions, dreams, expressions, motor activity, and gestures" for the "person as a whole" Churchill and Wertz, , p.
This holistic or Gestalt psychology is dedicated to the search for the authentic self, and to heal the "hollow' men and women of our time who have lost touch with themselves" Churchill and Wertz, p. Intentionality is one of the key assumptions of phenomenological psychology in which "experience must be grasped holistically and a relationship in which the subject relates to…… [Read More]. Classical Music Is the Final. Minimalism, "Like serialism, this style uses repeated patterns and series and steady pulsation with gradual changes occurring over time.
But whereas serialism is usually atonal, minimalism is usually tonal and more harmonic" Spielvogel, One could say that minimalism was a reflection of the hippie sixties that rejected the acquisitional tendencies of one's parents in favor of a more streamlined and strategically stark composition. The advent of modern classical music was invariably a reflection of the bolstering pace of technology at the time. Starting with the s, nearly all Americans had radios in their homes and had for some time; more and more Americans were buying televisions, an influx of appliances of convenience debuted on the market that made domestic life easier and faster.
The same was true for the technology that made composers able to create music: Mummy Stephen Sommers' Motion Picture the. Mummy Stephen Sommers' motion picture The Mummy puts across an account involving a group of researchers and opportunists wanting to profit as a result of getting involved in an Egyptian expedition. The Mummy is an adventure horror meant to keep viewers entertained by providing them with laughs while also introducing scary scenes. To a certain degree one can say that the film's narrative structure also involves elements related to comedy, considering that it goes from a bad situation to a happy ending.
Some might be inclined to think that the film is confusing because of the series of elements it contains, as it is sometimes difficult to determine whether viewers are meant to be amused or terrified by events occurring throughout the movie. The plot is in a chronological form, as it goes from the times of Pharaoh Seti I to the modern era, in as archeologists and…… [Read More].
Braddock who had been dubbed "Cinderella Man" in the newspaper columns of raffish "Guys and Dolls" scribe Damon Runyon, who also supplies the film's epigraph. Although the film was widely praised by critics and was nominated for three Oscars for editing, makeup, and for Paul Giamatti as Best Actor in a Supporting Role playing Braddock's trainer Joe Gould "Cinderella Man" would underperform at the box office on its original release --…… [Read More].
French New Wave and Modern. These and other devices combine to give the sense of a film as a kind of assemblage - different bits of the material world put together in a particular way. By cutting the soundtrack altogether, Godard boldly pulls back the curtain on the process, making a very clear mechanical maneuver with a poignant emotional impact on the viewer.
The moment of silence is oddly deafening, with nothing but the suspended expressions on the characters and the movements around them suggesting nothing in the way of an actual experience, with such silence in a busy cafe being impossible. Instead, the experience is purely emotional, with the tension of this silence weighing heavily on the viewer.
Ultimately, the impact is a surprising lack of conscientiousness for the viewer as to the audio device engaged. Instead, the connection…… [Read More]. Graduate Mike Nichols Centers on a. Graduate Mike Nichols, centers on a coming-of-age story in a contemporary context used to satirize aspects of modern life and to highlight the conflict between generations that marked the late s.
The changes that come over the central character can be seen as a vision of the creation of a revolutionary, though a revolutionary without a clear cause to support and one who in the end has no idea what to do next. The film was highly influential: The film can be divided into sections according to the way the plot unfolds. Robinson -- arise from the question: What is Benjamin going to do with…… [Read More]. Cinema s s was a decade of change for the U.
Films not only provide entertainment to masses but are also believed to express the general outlook of society by the way it sets and adopts trends. It was the time of reaction to the aging cinema, especially by the freedom loving youth who were keyed up with fast food Mc Donald's franchised in '54 , credit card first in and drive-in theaters Filmsite.
Young people were fed-up with the conventional illustration of men and women. With growing interest in Rock-n-Roll and break-free attitude prevailing, a social revolution was very much in the offering, and that was to transfer the cinema as well…… [Read More].
O Brother, Where Art Thou? Could a Hollywood filmmaker adapt Homer's Odyssey for the screen in the same way that James Joyce did for the Modernist novel? The idea of a high-art film adaptation of the Odyssey is actually at the center of the plot of Jean-Luc Godard's film Contempt, and the Alberto Moravia novel on which Godard's film is based.
In Contempt, Prokosch, a rich American dilettante film producer played by Jack Palance, hires Fritz Lang to film a version of Homer's Odyssey, then hires a screenwriter to write it and promptly ruins his marriage to Brigitte Bardot.
Fritz Lang gamely plays himself -- joining the ranks of fellow "arty" German-born directors who had earlier deigned to act before the camera like Erich von Stroheim in Wilder's Sunset Boulevard, playing a former director not unlike himself, or…… [Read More].
Legend' is a sci-fi thriller about a New York scientist who is abandoned in Manhattan in the year The movie offers a stunning view of how the city as the world knows it today, might look in if in the event it were abandoned in Going back in trivia, this is the third adaption of the Richard Matheson's novel, originally in the film it was vampires instead of zombies.
Such movies are always inspired by our fears and hence hold special interest, especially if it's a scientist abandoned in New York struggling to survive a virus that turns humans into flesh-eating mechanical looking zombies. If we go through its adaptations, the first time the novel was turned into a movie…… [Read More]. Sexual Politics Loom Large in. Every aspect of sociology is somehow affected by sexual politics and this can be seen in every postmodern representation of sexuality.
Media is particularly dependant on sexual politics as a thematic representation and as a guiding force for human emotion. This is particularly true with regard to dramatic representations in film.
The two films discussed above can be seen as examples of this thesis and illuminate both postmodernism and sexual politics in the modern world. Works Cited Cohen, Eric S. Affinities between Art and Film. Mary Pickford United Artist's Founder. The films Pickford brought to life as a producer later in her career were often nothing like those she starred in as an actress: At Comet she produced probably her finest later film, the noir hit Sleep, My Love " as well as the broad, comedic-style films My Little Chickadee with W.
"High Heels on Web Pavement: Film Noir and the Femme Fatale" by Michael Mills. No Place for a Woman: The Family in Film Noir and Other Essays by John Blaser.
May 04, · Free Essays from Bartleby | intention of this essay is to discuss the romantic notion of a film director who has etched their own cinematic vision into the.
Free film noir papers, essays, and research papers. Film noir was an important innovation of cinema that had a lasting influence on both cinema past and present and the motion picture industry as a whole. The answer to this seemingly simple question, of what is film noir? is actually particularly complex. In answering it I must analyse many /5(9).
Collections of Essays Below is a list of collections of critical essays and articles written about film noir and available in the UNC library system. These on-line essays are well-written and serious studies of the film noir genre: No Place for a Woman: The Family in Film Noir by John Blaser. Film Noir’s Progressive Portrayal of Women by John Blaser. Film Noir & the Hard-Boiled Detective Hero by John Blaser. The Outer Limits of Film Noir by John Blaser. Nietzsche and the Meaning of Noir .