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How to Cite in Chicago Format

What am I Citing?

❶If you take a quotation or piece of dialogue from another source, you are also responsible for listing that source in your paper.

How to Cite

From the Chicago Manual of Style
Language & Lit
Library of Congress

The first step is to put the citation in the main text where you've included the cited material. This first step lets you cite the source in one of three ways: The second step is to include the same citation on a separate sheet of paper called a Reference List or a Bibliography page. This page, added to the end of your paper, lists all of your cited works. If you decide to use endnotes, you can forfeit the Bibliography page as it is not required even though most academic papers use one.

In this article, I will cover in-text citations the most popular style of citations , which you add in the main text of your paper. Chicago Style sometimes refers to in-text citations as " parenthetical references. Add the name of the author within the sentence, followed by the year of publication enclosed in parentheses.

The Kennedy Study suggests that scientific developments stimulate financial expansion. You can enclose the name of the authors in parentheses with the year of publication, based on your sentence structure. Do NOT use any punctuation inside the parentheses. Some financial reports show that scientific developments stimulate financial expansion Kennedy If can't find a date of publication, use "n. If you have multiple authors, separate them with commas and the word "and" enclosed in parentheses.

Gales and Seaton, , pg. Congressional Documents and Debates, Helen Keller to John Hitz, August 29, The Library of Congress online collections include letters, diaries, recollections, and other written material.

One example is this letter from Helen Keller to Mr. Maps are far more than just maps of cities and towns. They document historical places, events, and populations, as well as growth and changes over time. From Library of Congress, Map Collections. An excerpt from The Stars and Stripes. Historic newspapers provide a glimpse of historic time periods. The articles, as well as the advertising, are an appealing way to get a look at the regions of the country or the world and the issues of the day.

From Library of Congress. Patton oral history interview conducted by Joseph Mosnier in Montgomery, Alabama, Incidents of the War. Photographs and drawings appear in many of the Library of Congress digitized historical collections. Rothfuss, Name of the Wind , Cite the page number in the text.

If the next source you cite is this same book, you can simply put the new page number in parentheses in the text of your paper.

Rothfuss uses the word innkeeper throughout The Name of the Wind. In other places, he seems to use it just for variety , Page numbers in parentheses in the text always refer to the most recently cited source. When you go back to citing The Name of the Wind , do you have to write out the whole citation again?

Don't want to cite by hand?

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In Chicago style, footnotes or endnotes are used to reference pieces of work in the text. To cite from a source a superscript number is placed after a quote or a paraphrase. Citation numbers should appear in .

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The Chicago Manual of Style (CMS) provides guidelines for the correct citation of sources in a research paper. To properly cite according to CMS style, you should use footnotes to credit sources within the text and also list sources in a bibliography at the end of your paper.

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The Chicago Manual of Style/Turabian citation style includes two systems for citations: a notes and bibliography system and the author-date system. The notes and bibliography system is most commonly used in history courses. This system uses footnotes/endnotes and a bibliography. Citing sources based on the rules of the Chicago Manual of Style is a two-step process. The first step is to put the citation in the main text where you've included the cited material. The first step is to put the citation in the main text where you've included the cited material.

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How to Cite a Research Paper in APA. How to Cite a Research Paper in Chicago Style. The Chicago style of citing is commonly used in humanities. It requires writers to cite sources in endnotes or footnotes. This citation provides author an avenue to express accountability and credibility to related literature or references used in written. Citation Machine™ helps students and professionals properly credit the information that they use. Cite your journal article in Chicago Manual of Style 16th edition (full note) format for free. You are citing in Chicago Manual of Style 16th.