The standards are laid out in the MLA Handbook. The MLA's guidelines are frequently updated, however, and keeping track of the details can be a handful. Whenever you quote from or paraphrase a source in your writing, you should include an in-text citation.
The basic format recommends putting the last name of the author of the source, followed by the page number, in parentheses. If the work has multiple authors, list them. Include the most relevant information for non-print sources. Many digital, visual, and auditory formats do not have page numbers or other information that corresponds to that used when citing traditional print sources. Since page numbers for ebooks will vary from device to device, include the chapter number or other section heading instead, if possible: Place the parenthetical citation at the end of the line of text.
Position the parenthetical citation at the end of the sentence where you include the quote or reference. The parenthetical citation should come before the period at the end of the sentence. Alter the basic format if necessary. If a source does not have a named author, just put a shortened version of the title followed by the page number in the parenthetical citation. If you are citing multiple works by the same author, include a brief title of the source.
For example, you may have parenthetical citations that look like: Use a limited citation if your text contains signal words. Keep track of consecutive citations. If you reference the same work several times in row, you can use a short form parenthetical citation. Your reader will assume the subsequent citations reference the same source. Give a full citation when you reference a new work. Check the MLA style guide if you are doing more advanced research.
The basic format of in-text citations is useful and acceptable for many forms of writing. However, if you are doing specialized research or writing for a specific audience, you may be expected to include additional information in your citations, such as edition or chapter numbers. If you are a student, check with your teacher about what kind of citation requirements you may need to follow. Gather the information that identifies each source.
The most recent set of MLA guidelines relies on a set of principles that will allow you to cite any type of source, rather than a set of separate rules for different media book, website, film, interview, podcast, etc. You will list the details, with a period between each.
Put the author and title of the source first. List the author if known starting with the last name. Follow with the full title of the source. If there is no author, just begin with the title.
Books, films, television series and other large works are italicized. If a work has multiple authors, list them in the same order they are given in the source. Put only the first author in last name, first name order. Examples of containers include: A website hosting an article follow the article title in quotation marks with the brief web address in italics: A poem in a poetry collection list the title of the collection in italics after the title of the poem in quotation marks: Quotations, summaries, paraphrases, and any other material used from a source must be cited.
The in-text parenthetical citations must correspond to a works cited page at the end of your paper that should have full bibliographic entries found in alphabetical order. Determine the type of each source you are using, such as reference books, websites etc.
You'll cite the sources according to these types. For instance, the way you cite for a book is not the same way you cite for a website. Cite a single author by writing in parentheses the author's last name and the page number s from where you got your quotation or paraphrase.
This parenthetical citation should follow the quotation or paraphrase you used. You also have the option of writing the author's last name in the sentence instead of using the parenthesis at the end. When you write the author's last name in the sentence, page numbers are not required immediately after the author's last name, but should be at the end of the sentence. If two authors share the same last name, put the author's first name initial before the last name. An example of parenthetical citing: Romantic poetry is characterized by the "spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" Wordsworth An example of in-sentence citing: Wordsworth extensively explored the role of emotion in the creative process Cite an unknown author by using a shortened title of the work and not the author's name.
The source information required in a parenthetical citation depends (1.) upon the source medium (e.g. Print, Web, DVD) and (2.) upon the source’s entry on the Works Cited (bibliography) page. Any source information that you provide in-text must correspond to the source information on the Works Cited page.
The In-text Citation. When citing a research paper, include references within two sections: The quotes used within the essay; The Works Cited page at the end; The citation information in the body of the paper itself is called the "in-text citation”.
There are many ways to cite your source within a research paper; one of the most common is the MLA in-text parenthetical citation method. Quotations, summaries, paraphrases, and any other material used from a source must be cited. MLA 8 Website Citation: Social Media. In an increasingly digital world, social media platforms have become one of the most popular sources students turn to when writing a research paper. When citing social media in your work, follow the same format as an MLA citation for a website.
This resource, updated to reflect the MLA Handbook (8 th ed.), offers examples for the general format of MLA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the Works Cited page. It is always a good idea to maintain personal copies of electronic information, when possible.