The death toll was beyond catastrophic and devastating to a nation. The United States invoked their right of self-defense during wartime, meaning that a nation that has been threatened or attacked has the right to defend itself.
The country was officially at war. In America, Congress was busy. In October , United States Congress passed the USA Patriot Act , giving law enforcement officials the right to searching property without warrants, detain and deport, monitor financial transactions, and eavesdrop on phone conversations Rowen.
This was met with mixed reviews, as many feared that the law would lead to overzealous infringement on civil liberties. Under the Patriot Act, approximately twelve hundred people were detained for a month without access to their attorneys Rowen. Before the operation was two months old, the United States had ousted the Taliban from power. It was later revealed in that in , President George W. Bush authorized the National Security Agency in secret to wiretap domestic emails and phone calls without warrants Rowen.
The United States also enacted the Department of Homeland Security Act of , an act that created the position of Secretary of Homeland Security and established the Department of Homeland Security, a cabinet-level agency. The purpose of this department was to ensure the national security of the country, in addition to providing information about terrorist threats and suggested security measures for the public, the government, and hubs like airports Rowen.
Some believe that the implementation of these laws encouraged the breaching of the basic rights and liberties of citizens and non-citizens alike. Read more about civil liberties and the right to privacy. In , the United States troops invaded Iraq, which was not directly related to the attacks but was an important weapon in the War on Terror Green.
In December , troops were pulled from Iraq and the United States left them in a state of volatile democracy. In , President Obama aimed for our presence in Afghanistan to cease to be considered a combat mission, but rather a support mission. The Afghanistan war has been the longest war in United States history Green. Between the years of and , nearly two million United States troops were deployed to Afghanistan or Iraq, with six thousand troops having been killed and approximately forty four thousand wounded.
The creation of the Department of Homeland Security meant the merging of twenty two other government agencies, including the Immigration and Naturalization Service and the U. The department has streamlined deportation for criminals and law-breakers, leading to the number of deportations from the United States doubling Green.
Between the years of and , deportation rates reached almost four hundred thousand people annually, with only half being convicted of a criminal offense and the majority of those being low-level offences. With the implantation of the Secure Communities program, the law, established in , allows local law enforcement to check on the immigration status of any person booked in a jail, despite whether or not they are convicted of the crime they are accused of.
This law has led to the deportation of people who were simply stopped for something as minor as not using a turn signal while driving Green.
Finally, another drastic change brought on by the terrorist attacks on America is the change in procedure at national airports. The Transportation Security Administration was created after the attacks to use new and more effective security practices at every commercial airport in the country.
University of California Press Author: August Environmental anomalies at the World Trade Center: Kevin Ryan et al Link: Research in Political Economy Volume 23 Authors: Poteshman University of Illinois Link: Jones Brigham Young University Link: The events that took place in the United States on September 11, were real and they were extremely violent.
As David Griffin has Doing so points conclusively to large plane A recent book written by veteran CIA officers describes how deception can be identified by simple observational techniques. In Spy the Lie: Visas for Al Qaeda: But the long-term perspectives of American global policy will be determined by the American ability to take proper use of its domination today. Today, America faces a problem: In the nearest future no power source comparable to the United States is likely to emerge.
On the one hand, the power, security and inviolability of the global center of force were proven to be a little bit exaggerated.
The USA turned out to be as vulnerable as every other state in the world and not very capable of securing its own protection. On the other hand, creation of joint anti-terrorist coalition, a solitary cooperation of the majority of the states supporting American policy in fighting terrorism and attacking Afghanistan and offering tangible assistance to the American forces, followed by almost unilateral actions of America against Iraq, give the ground to conclude that the United States has somewhat ceased to take heed of international opinion and act as if they were only influential power on the globe without need for international support and compliance with the rules and obligations of international behavior.
These facts pose a lot of questions as to the nature of international system that is being shaped today and the problems it encounters. This paper will present the comprehensive overview of the major aspects of the issue.
A number of problems focus on the issues of international anti-terrorist coalition and perspectives of combating international terrorism. Also, new image of international security is being formed, and this one contains numerous problems. Uncertain is the perspective of development of numerous major processes within international system, which take their root in destruction of bipolar system.
The new system of international relations that was to take shape seems to take long time for its creation.
On the one hand, the military campaign against Iraq revealed numerous problems and contradictions, and on the other hand it served as a catalyst for new processes and tendencies which gradually emerged. The world, states and politic elites, which over fifty years got used to live in strictly determined, though highly explosive and dangerous, international system, have hard time adapting to new realities, and therefore feel insecure and uncomfortable.
Of course there exist some certain moments, but uncertainty shows and very often dominates on numerous directions. Tragic events of September 11 revealed these uncertainties which were formed still in s. Becoming aware of these tendencies is of particular importance for elaboration of both strategy and tactics of any state, especially the large one. The first set of uncertainties of early 21st century has formed and continues to form around the USA and its foreign policy.
On the one hand it is evident that Washington strives to take use of the situation it found itself after the Cold War. This situation, according to many American political scientists, is the unique for international system since decline of the Roman Empire. Therefore the aim of the Washington is to ensure to the maximum possible extent the achievement of tactic and strategic goals and ambitions on the basis of unique and recognized in the world military and economic power.
The United States can remain the most powerful state for considerably long time, though not always — the history of the Roman Empire, compared nowadays with the USA, reminds of that.
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