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Keep the title brief- no longer than 12 words. FACT Quantitative research has a set structure: Make notes for each article, book, etc and make groups to create a literature map Draft summaries of each article that is the most relevant to your topic and assemble the summaries into a literature review Suggest how your study can add to the literature Steps to a Literature Review Literature Map Definition of Terms A visual way to organize articles, books, etc.
A Review of Literature is the section of the research manuscript that summarizes all of the important articles, books, etc, about the variables and related to the variables. Theories can be stated as hypothesis to be accepted or rejected. Theories can be stated as if-then statements explaining how variables influence each other. Theories can be represented as models visually depicting variables interaction. Research Problem The problem or issue that necessitates the need for a study.
Problem maybe found in personal life, work, policy or political issue Clearly identify the problem and indicate why it is important by citing studies that justify the problem Deficiencies Model A separate paragraph is needed for each part Research Questions and Hypothesis These can be questions, hypothesis or objectives to focus the purpose of the study Generally pick one type unless questions are supported by hypothesis Questions ask about the relationship among variables Hypothesis make predictions about the relationships among variables Objectives indicate the goals of the study Variables Control Variables The IV that has had no manipulation Independent Variable The variable that is manipulated.
It may receive treatment or no treatment Dependent Variable The response or effect of the experiment. It is presumed to be caused by the manipulation of the independent variable Intervening Variable A variable that stands between the IV and DV Moderating Variable Variable that are created by the researcher which are multiplied to determine the impact of both TIP Writing in the active voice as much as possible.
Use strong verbs and verb tenses TIP Use the past tense to write the review of literature and results section of the study. Dissemination of the data needs to be in language that will not show bias. Data gathered needs to be discarded after a certain period of time. Information gained needs to benefit all involved. Research involves collecting data about people. Researchers have an obligation to protect their participants and should anticipate and address any issue that arise.
Those who cannot handle the fancy techniques cannot get the doctoral degree, even though there is all kinds of wonderful research with no numbers. Why not instead preclude from doctoral program students incapable of coming up with interesting ideas. I like Henry — he sounds like a very collegial fellow. Checked out your thesis not all of it of course Justin…nice writing style by the way.
An idiot's guide to research methods kirstyev Exposure variation can also inform analysis. More generally, I guess that is a reminder the two by two matrices are more often the starting point for analysis than an end point….
Thanks for commenting James — but I am not sure I understand your point. Use of a control group is quite a common way of classifying different research methods — and is certainly an important distinction that we make in DFID. This is not the same as saying that presence or absense of a control group makes your method better or worse — but it is just a convenient and widely used way to categorise. On the two by two matrix — yes it is a simplification and we could probably find holes to pick in it.
You are commenting using your WordPress. You are commenting using your Twitter account. You are commenting using your Facebook account. Notify me of new comments via email. Notify me of new posts via email. Gilchriste Ndongwe August 26, at Justin Longo August 27, at 8: James Copestake October 2, at 1:
From Research Methods in Psychology For Dummies By Martin Dempster, Donncha Hanna As a researcher in the field of psychology, you have many things to think about when planning, conducting and reporting a research study.
A Beginners Guide to Quantitative Research Introduction Discussion/ Interpretation of Findings If not incorporated into Results section, it will allow researchers to explain why the study produced data.
Somewhere I read that unlike quantitative software every qualitative package is different. Skills developed on one package donÕt easily transfer to others. The language different software programs use to describe their operations varies as well. Qualitative research is Qualitative Research . or quantitative values. 3 2 Descriptive Statistics Descriptive statistics are often used to describe variables. Descriptive statis-tics are performed by analyzing one variable at a time (univariate analysis). All researchers perform these descriptive statistics before beginning any type of data analysis.
A quantitative approach is often concerned with finding evidence to either support or contradict an idea or hypothesis you might have. A hypothesis is where a predicted answer to a research question is proposed, for example, you might propose that if you give a student training in how to use a search engine it will improve their success in. Dr. Laurie E. Rozakis has published dozens of books, including Shaum’s Quick Guide to Writing Research Papers, Study Skills for the Utterly Confused, and 3/5(9).